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2917. (document) N. Broughton Devereux, Chief, U.S. Revenue Marine. April 28, 1870.

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2917. (document) N. Broughton Devereux, Chief, U.S. Revenue Marine. April 28, 1870.

2917. (document) N. Broughton Devereux, Chief, U.S. Revenue Marine. April 28, 1870. Rare document signed in hand by N. Broughton Devereux – The 1st Chief of the Marine Revenue Service during Civil War Reconstruction from 1869-1871. Document authorizes the Collector of Customs at Baltimore Maryland to pay “Mrs. E. Sullivan for rent of rooms for the use of the Board of Examiners, U. S. Revenue Marine Service for month of April 1870 at a sum of $100. In 1849 the Revenue Marine Bureau was dissolved, and the Revenue Marine fell under the control the Commissioner of Customs until the Revenue Marine Bureau was again established in 1869. The first Commissioner was N. Broughton Devereux (1869-1871). Following Devereux’s service was the noted Sumner I. Kimball (1871- 1878), Ezra Clark (1878-1885) and, from 1885-1889 Peter Bonnett. The booming coastal trade had a significant impact on the U.S Revenue Cutter Service. As the ever-larger Schooners wrecked on the coast with spectacular losses to lives and property, the American public demanded improvements in cutters, Lifesaving Stations, and aids to navigation. Such demands, combined with increased operations in Alaskan waters following the purchase of Alaska Territory from Russia in 1867, led to the reorganization of the service. George S. Boutwell, Secretary of the Treasury under President U.S. Grant, led the reorganization. He appointed N. Broughton Devereux Chief of an interim Revenue Marine Bureau consisting of the Revenue Cutter Service, the Steamboat Inspection Service, the Marine Hospital Service, and the Life Saving Service. Devereux took charge on July 1, 1869 and set to work by establishing two boards to overhaul the Revenue Cutter Service. One Board, headed by Captain John Faunce, was charged with investigating personnel matters, and the other, under Captain Carlisle T. Patterson of the Coast Survey, was directed by Deveruex to analyze the Cutter Fleet. Devereux appointed 11 men with diverse backgrounds to Patterson’s Board because he believed that analysis of the Service’s Cutters was critical. Devereux used this information in his multiple reports to Congress in 1869-1870 where he requested, among other things, the construction of new cutters and propeller – driven Steamers…Deveruex also classified Cutters by their tonnage…[Source: The Coast Guard Expands, 1865-1915 By Irving H. King]. Document is in original ink, clear and most readable. (VG+). $165.